Operating an airport and air traffic have an impact on the environment. Fraport acknowledges its responsibility for taking the environmental challenges arising from it appropriately into account. Our activities focus on targeting the conservation of the climate and nature, and the careful use of resources.
Increase in energy efficiency, monitoring and minimization of the emission of climate-relevant gases caused by airport operations (e.g. CO2).
Climate protection is a key challenge of our time. This is because the emission of CO2 and other greenhouse gases in electricity generation, transport, and industrial production makes a decisive contribution to global warming. In 2015, delegates from 195 countries met for the global climate conference in Paris and agreed the first climate agreement to be binding for all the world’s countries. It will come into force in 2020 and has the aim of stopping global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to the end of the 19th century, but at minimum limiting it to less than two degrees Celsius. From 2050, net emissions are to be reduced to zero, i.e., an equilibrium is to be reached between the emission of green- house gases and their capture – for example through forests or technical means.
Voluntary reduction tar- gets by German companies make an import- ant contribution to implementing national policy. Fraport has also committed to do this. The International Energy Agency attributes approximately 2 % of CO2 emissions caused by humans globally to civil aviation. In contrast to airlines, airport operation only represents a very small proportion of this.
CO2 reporting improved
As of 2006, Fraport has taken part in the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP), the leading global climate reporting initiative of the financial economy that analyzes companies and their strategies with respect to climate change and CO2 reporting. Fraport improved by three points to 98 out of 100 points in the climate disclosure scoring in 2015 compared to the previous year. The scoring reflects the completeness of the reporting and is thus an indicator of the usability of the data. At the same time it is a reflection of a company’s transparency in climate change matters.
Airport Carbon Accreditation, a program to whose development Fraport made a key contribution, has developed into the global standard for CO2 reporting and management at airports in just six years. The program was singled out as exemplary for other industries at the Paris conference. Close collaboration for the future was agreed between ACI (Airports Council International) and the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). The UNFCCC will in future be represented with a seat on the program’s advisory board.
Fraport AG has decided to certify all fully consolidated airports in accordance with Airport Carbon Accreditation. The intention is to achieve at least Level 2 – “Reduction”. For this, airport operators must demonstrate effective CO2 management and CO2 reduction. The next steps are then Level 3 – “Optimization” and Level 4 – “Neutrality”. We already reached Level 3 at the Frankfurt site in 2012. Ljubljana Airport reached Level 2 in the reporting year as a result of appropriate measures.
30% less CO2 by 2020
For our largest site in Frankfurt, we have set ourselves detailed targets for CO2 reduction. We want to reduce the CO2 emissions that Fraport AG itself is responsible for at the Frankfurt site by 30 % per passenger or per 100 kg of cargo by 2020 in comparison to 2005 levels. Our second target corresponds to this: Absolute CO2 emissions are not to exceed 238,000 metric tons in 2020.
In addition to fleet management and the energy-efficient planning of new buildings, energy management in existing terminals, buildings, and facilities is our greatest lever in respect of CO2 savings. To reach the target, it is crucial to increase energy efficiency in operations – approximately 86 % of Fraport AG’s CO2 emissions are created in these areas.