Airport Charges: Infrastructure Costs

Overview of prices and their basis

Airport charges are  levied mainly for the take-off, landing, and parking of aircraft, and for the  use of passenger facilities. In addition, there are charges for noise and  emissions caused by aircraft.

The charges are used exclusively to refinance airport infrastructure and the resultant operating expenses. In Germany, airport charges are subject to the approval requirement set out in Section 19b of the German Air Traffic Act (LuftVG). Based on this law, airport charges for Frankfurt Airport (FRA) must be approved by the Hessian Ministry of Economics, Energy, Transport and Housing (HMWEVW) as the relevant aviation authority. Annual consultations are held to involve the airlines in the approval process.

On December 13, 2021, the Ministry  approved the application for charges for Frankfurt Airport submitted by Fraport, including the “FRA 2022 Recovery Program” it contains. The aim of this program is to promote rapid recovery of passenger volumes at Frankfurt Airport after the pandemic-related traffic declines. Airlines will benefit from this program, if more than 22.1 million passengers depart from FRA in 2022. This corresponds to about 63 percent of the total number of departing passengers in 2019.


Moreover, it will become more expensive to operate noisy aircraft at Frankfurt Airport, since noise-related charges will be raised.

This also includes a significant increase of noise surcharges for older aircraft and the abolishment of the NRI rebate* during “night time 2” (23 p.m. to 5 a.m.). In return, airlines will receive higher discounts for operating particularly noise-efficient aircraft. Fraport is thus providing even stronger incentives for the use of quieter aircraft at Frankfurt Airport. We have been a pioneer in active noise protection since the 1970s. Introduced in Frankfurt more than 30 years ago, noise-related charges have now become standard at many international airports.


* Noise Rating Index – Categorizing the aircraft according to noise efficiency criteria

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Mann am Laptop

An  online calculation tool for airport charges (valid from January 1, 2021) is  available here:

Online  calculation of airport charges