Why change take-off and landing direction at the airport?
To make the best possible use of the available runways, aircraft always take off and land against the wind.
The stronger the headwind, the shorter the acceleration or deceleration distance on the runway. By contrast, a tailwind increases these distances and becomes a safety risk above a specific wind speed.
That is why the take-off and landing direction – and therefore the operation direction – change on the three parallel runways according to the prevailing wind direction and speed:
- Easterly wind: “Operation direction 07” (equivalent to compass heading of 70°) or “easterly direction,” flight direction from west to east
- Westerly wind: “Operation direction 25” (equivalent to compass heading of 250°) or “westerly direction,” flight direction from east to west
Runway 18 (equivalent to compass heading of 180°) can be largely be used regardless of the respective operation direction of the parallel runway system.